It is no surprise that many people think it is not worthwhile to make one’s own soap. In reality, it takes very little time, and the result is well worth it. There are several reasons why homemade liquid soap is better for you than store-bought ones. These reasons will be discussed in this post, along with a step-by-step guide on how to make your own liquid soap.

In recent years, people have become drawn to natural products, an increasing number of people have begun purchasing natural soaps or making their own soap. Why not you? Below, we will outline a few reasons why you should consider making your own soap.


Why you should consider making your own liquid soap


Saves money
Have you ever thought of the amount of money you spend monthly on buying soaps? Ever thought you’d be saving more money making your soap at home and even selling to other households? Whether you are making soaps for household use or commercial purposes, when making your own liquid soap at home, you save more money and can produce more units. You are able to produce more soaps than you can buy with the same amount of money. Furthermore, running a soap-making business does not require you to rent office space. You can run your business from the comfort of your own home.


Possible business venture
The market for custom-made soaps or homemade soaps in Nigeria has not been sufficiently explored. There is a large market for homemade scented soaps as long as you have good quality products.
All ingredients required for making liquid soap at home can be easily gotten at the market and are quite affordable. In the end, you sent your own price after considering all the factors involved in the production process. Selling is just as simple as introducing your products to your friends and neighbors. Other sales channels such as Instagram and Facebook are efficient as well.


Little experience required
Fortunately, you don’t need a degree to learn how to make soap. Yes, the process of creating soap involves science, calculations, and complex processes, but it’s nothing that can’t be learned via practice. It also helps that there is a wealth of internet resources, instructions, and video courses. You could easily read to the end of this article to know how to make your very own soap today.



The ingredient you’ll need for making your homemade washing liquid soap is as follows:


  • Water (20 liters)
  • Caustic soda or Soda ash (1/2 kilograms)
  • Texapon (1 liter)
  • Nitrosol (1 kilogram)
  • Sodium laurate sulphate (5-6 tablespoons)
  • Sodium tripolyphosphate (5-6 tablespoons)
  • Perfume
  • Colorant

Functions of the ingredients required for making Liquid soap

Each of these ingredients has its unique functions.


how to make liquid soap (water)
Bucket of water

Serves as the main solvent in dissolving the other ingredient, since we’re making liquid soap.


Caustic soda

make liquid soap at home (caustic soda)
Caustic Soda

This causes saponification, which is a necessary element in the production of soap. A lye solution is formed when sodium hydroxide flakes or beads are introduced to a liquid. When this solution is combined with oils or fats, a chemical reaction is known as saponification occurs.



how to make liquid soap (texapon)

Serves as a foaming agent or booster.



how to make liquid soap (nitrosol)

This is used as a thickening agent. It is a white substance with the texture of powdered milk. Nitrosol dissolves instantly in water.


Sodium Laureth Sulfate

how to make liquid soap (sodium lauryl sulfate)
Sodium laureth sulfate

SLS, also known as sodium dodecyl sulfate, is an extremely powerful oil and grease remover. It is a surfactant and emulsifier which contributes to the foaming properties of soap.


Sodium Tripolyphosphate

how to make liquid soap (Sodium tripolyphosphate)
Sodium tripolyphosphate

This is an inorganic chemical that serves as a “builder” and a water softener. It is an effective cleaning ingredient that can typically dissolve stains from dishes and fabrics. Its main function is to allow surfactants to function to their full potential.



how to make liquid soap (perfume)

As you likely guessed correctly, this helps to cover undesirable scents or odors caused by other active chemical compounds. Businesses that deal with fragrance, on the other hand, utilize it to position their brands in specific ways, position their products from others on the market, and appeal to consumers. In order words, smell better, sell better (although this is not always the case).



how to make liquid soap (colorant)

This simply serves to make your soap aesthetically pleasing. From dark colors such as dark green, dark blue to vibrant colors such as light brown, pink, or gold, each color may give off a different atmosphere in packaging.



Before even attempting to make soap, it is important to practice precautions before and while making your soap. The chemicals used in making soap can be dangerous or even lethal if proper care isn’t taken. Hence, guidelines are important when dealing with them. These guidelines include the following:

  • Wear protective clothing so as not to have direct contact with any harmful substances such as lye or caustic soda. Rubber gloves and goggles should suffice for this job.
  • Be aware of the dangers of using some of these chemicals.
  • Label all soap-making items properly. You don’t want to put caustic soda in your tea thinking it is milk!
  • Make sure there are no children or pets around as they may potentially ingest or touch some of these heavy chemicals.
  • Keep the soap-making ingredients in a safe place away from children when it’s not in use.
  • Make sure you have no open wounds during production
  • Don’t leave the area unattended


Steps for making Liquid Soap

With all the precautions taken, let’s get into the actual steps involved in making liquid soap:

  1. Dissolve caustic soda in 1 liter of water and let it cool
  2. Pour sulphonic acid in a different container, add texapon and add 3 to 4 liters of water and stir properly for a few minutes.
  3. Dissolve SLS with 2 cups of water
  4. Dissolve STPP with 2 cups of water
  5. Dissolve 1 kg of nitrosol into 20 liters of water and stir
  6. Put in the texapon mix, sulphonic acid and, add perfume into the dissolved nitrosol and stir very well.
  7. Put in dissolved caustic soda into the dissolved solution of nitrosol
  8. Add dissolved STPP and SLS and mix
  9. For preservation, add formalin
  10. Put colorant of your choice into the water, add into the solution, and stir. 
  11. In case its too thick add in a little water
  12. Allow the solution to rest for a few hours


Note: All ingredients need to be dissolved in water before mixing with the others.


Tips for making your own liquid soap far from basic

Once you’ve made your soap, you may want to tweak a few things, just for the sake of uniqueness or branding. Believe it, there are many ways you can customize your soap to appeal to your specifications. Here are some ways to customize your soap base:

  • By adding a little distilled water or salt, you can modify the viscosity of your liquid soap foundation. Distilled water will thin your soap, whereas salt will thicken it. Simply add 14g (0.5oz) salt in 42g (1.5 oz) warm distilled water. For this task, regular table salt will suffice. Add the salt solution a little at a time until the desired consistency is reached. Too much salt can cause the soap to lose thickness again, so add a bit at a time and wait for the soap to adapt before adding more.
  • You could also try different fragrances and oils. Different aroma oils, like essential oils, can drastically alter the thickness of the soap, thus you may need to add a little salt solution, distilled water, or xanthan gum to thicken or thin it down.


In case you wish to start a business, it is important to properly brand your products. One way you can create an identity for your soap is the packaging. Packaging helps to distinguish your item from others. It could also make storage and transport much easier. Proper packaging can help your product look presentable even though it’s just new in the market. Liquid soap can be packaged in many ways depending on affordability or in demand. Bottles of varying sizes can be gotten at affordable prices.


Obviously, if you are thinking of starting a homemade soap business, you will definitely be thinking of the capital to start with. We have an article on Top 7 Best Loan Apps in Nigeria today which you can use to get a loan in less than 24hrs.

In conclusion, soap making can be a fun hobby to take your mind of things. Not to mention it can be a healthy choice and if you want, you could turn it into a business. Everyone needs soap so there are always consumers ready to purchase from you. The industry is profitable and can yield good results provided you work to the best of your ability.




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